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Guahan (Guam) Profile
The Chamorros, Guahan’s indigenous people, first populated the island approximately 4,000 years ago. The island has a long history of European colonialism. First “discovered” by Europeans by Ferdinand Magellan on March 6, 1521, the first colony was established in 1668 by Spain with the arrival of settlers including Padre San Vitores, a Catholic missionary. The island was controlled by Spain until 1898, when it was surrendered to the United States as part of the Treaty of Paris following the Spanish-American War. At that time, the United States renamed the island “Guam.”
Captured by the Japanese in 1941, it was retaken by the US three years later. The military installation on the island is one of the most strategically important US bases in the Pacific.
In 2010, the Governor of Guam, Felix Camacho, issued an executive order to change the official name of Guam back to Guahan. The executive order also requests lawmakers pass a law re-designating Guam as Guahan. The Governor reportedly believes that changing the name back to Guahan will help to preserve the Chamorro language and culture.
Source: Wikipedia, CIA Factbook
CIA Factbook link to more demographic, geographic and economic data for Guahan: