Are you a Pasifika journalist with a keen sense of the indigenous perspective of your nation’s history and cultural outlook? Be part of the PasiMA team by writing a profile of your country for our web pages. Contact us for more information!
Enen-kio (Wake Atoll) Profile
Controversy revolves around the tropical paradise of Wake Island, part of Enen-kio Atoll, the three islands also known as Wake Atoll. The islands are claimed by both the United States and the Marshall Islands. It is further claimed in the name of the Kingdom of EnenKio, a small separatist group of Marshall Islander heritage who lay claim to the United States’ unincorporated territory of Wake Atoll. EnenKio seeks recognition as a sovereign Micronesian state in the Northern Marshall Islands. The Kingdom of EnenKio derives its name from the native name of this northernmost Marshallese atoll. In the Marshallese language, Enen-kio means “Island of the orange flower.”
The US annexed Wake Island in 1899 for a cable station. An important air and naval base was constructed in 1940-41. In December 1941, the island was captured by the Japanese and held until the end of World War II. In subsequent years, Wake was developed as a stopover and refueling site for military and commercial aircraft transiting the Pacific. Since 1974, the island’s airstrip has been used by the US military, as well as for emergency landings. Although operations on the island were suspended and all personnel evacuated in August 2006 with the approach of super typhoon IOKE (category 5), damage was comparatively minor. A US Air Force repair team restored full capability to the airfield and facilities, which remains a vital strategic link in the Pacific region.
Source: Wikipedia, CIA Factbook
CIA Factbook link to more demographic, geographic and economic data for Enen-kio: